KFPS Premiums Explained

Ranking within the KFPS registration books Within each of the KFPS books there are various levels of registration and placing within the books. The books are based on birth of the horse and the registration book of the sire and dam at the time of birth of the horse. (more on the KFPS books KFPS BOOKS EXPLAINED. The rankings and Premiums are based on the horse being shown at the Keuring, the Friesian horse inspection.          
         Keuring A keuring is an inspection of the horses to see how they rank based on the breed standards. It is not a competition against each other,  the horses are graded against the breed average and standards, on a bell curve. All the horses at the keuring are given a Premium (explained below) which can assist them in advancing in ranking (explained below) within the book that they are in and even elevate the status of their Dam and Sire. The first time that a horse is shown at their adult (3 and over) Keuring they are given a linear score sheet to explain their ranking against the average and expectations of the breed and how the horse that was presented performed.          
the (xy) shown after the name is what you will see on the registration papers and in an online KFPS search.        

Preliminary Foal book registry (VVR) – This is for foals that are born and are waiting on DNA results proving parentage, Micro chipping. No papers are issued for foals till parentage can be confirmed by hair samples.  If a foal that meets the main foalbook based on lineage does not complete this portion of the DNA proof for registration they will remain in this phase of registration and their offspring are not registerable in the main studbook. It’s part of the registration process to submit a breeding/ birth announcement, hair samples for DNA. The association will send a microchip and forms for the vet to verify any markings and that the foal is in fact from the mare indicated on the registration application.  Without proof there is no advancement.

Foal Book -  veulenboek (Vb) - After the DNA is verified the horse is put into the Foalbook. All of the books (main, b-book I, b-book II, have a foalbook) There are no restrictions based on soundness or appearance only genetics to be in the foalbook. Pure Friesians born with non approved white markings remain in the foalbook.  If their offspring are born with allowed markings or none, they are allowed to try for the studbook. So you can have offspring pass the Dam’s placing. ALL stallions remain in the foalbook unless they are approved stallions.  Stallions that are not in the B books are NOT eligible to try for approval. Please see the requirements to become an approved stallion for more information (below).

Studbook (Stb) This book has entry requirements, any horse that doesn’t meet these requirements stays in the foalbook All stallions remain in the foalbook unless they pass the 70 day stallion testing. See stallion approval requirements for more information                
>Mares must be a minimum of 154 cm.                 
>horses must be 3 years old or older                
>The horse must be presented for inspection at the Keuring                
>The horse must be invited with a score of no premium or higher                
>The horses must be sound and have adequately correct confirmation                
>They are not allowed to have more than a 3.2cm star on the forehead. White markings from injury must have a veterinary certificate to verify that they were not from birth.
        Mares go into the Mare book - merrienboek 
      Geldings go into the ruinboek
    
         Studbook Stallions  Only stallions that are out of all approved Sires in all generations, and out of a Star or better main registration book mare are eligible to be invited for testing. In the case of the stallions there is much more involved in getting into the studbook. Remember the colts are born into the foalbook, so they are still registered, but getting into the Studbook is a "promotion".

They must be 160 at  3 years old or 163 at 4 years old. White is not allowed at all.  The stallions must also be inspected in halter, loose, and be invited to the 70 day stallion testing. They must have clean X-rays and a healthy sperm count. They must also pass the ridding and driving tests and a few other tests that are involved in the 70 day testing. Once they have completed the testing they are then a Studbook Stallion and have limited breeding privileges. Their offspring will then be allowed to be registered in the main studbook and help upgrade foals from other books. Once a stallion is approved they are given a new name and a number after their name ex. Maiko 373, the number indicates the order they were approved in. To have permanent breeding privileges the several, around 40, offspring from the first few years of breeding are tested in a shorter version of the 70 day testing. Inadequate offspring will result in the stallions disapproval. Also excess diseased offspring or deformities will result in disqualification.

If a stallion is disapproved or removed from the studbook they may keep their name and number so don’t assume that a stallion that has a number is approved, always check with the KFPS/FHANA. Prior to breeding your mare check with the KFPS or it’s affiliate chapters to confirm that a stallion is still approved to breed in the Studbook. If a stallion is disapproved his offspring go into the B-Book II if conceived after disapproval. Offspring conceived prior to disapproval or while the stallion was approved are still allowed to be in the main registration book.
        
         Gelding Book - ruinenboek - Studbook for Geldings You will most commonly see the word Ruin on a horses papers when they have been gelded and when it has been recorded. The gelding book is as it mentions a book for geldings so offspring is not a concern. Geldings must be 156 cm or taller or they remain in the foal book. They also have to be presented with a Vet certification that they have been gelded, and be inspected by the judges.
         
         Premiums Premiums are used to advance your horses from the Foalbook to the Studbook, and from the Studbook to Star, Kroon or Model.  These rankings will NOT change what book they are registered in (Mainbook, B-Book I, B-Book II ect)
Premiums are the rankings given to the KFPS Friesians when they go to the Keuring (Dutch inspection of the Friesians). Premiums are not placing in the class. They are ratings in relationship to the entire population of the Friesians. At a keuring all the horses could end up with the same premium.
They are based on the points given for
1) Race Type
2) Frame and build
3) quality of legs and feet
4) Walk and
5) Trot
They can score from 4-9, 9 is very rare.  Confirmation is 40% and Movement is 60% of the overall evaluation. If a horse gets a 4 or less in one of the categories they are not allowed in the studbook. If they get a 6 or less in one of the categories they are not allowed to be Star.
        For mares and geldings the averages of the 5 scores go as follows:
Foalbook - 6 or less is not in the studbook, remains in the foalbook all so seen on papers “not invited”                     
No Premium -Around 6 they are included in the studbook and given no premium
3rd Premium - 6-7
2nd premium – around 7 (most likely star title)
1st premium – 7.5 or higher (definite star title)
Foal ratings – No premium, 3rd Premium, 2nd Premium, 1st Premium are the ratings that a judge will give a foal at it’s foal keuring.
No Premium -28.5 or less points foals with a 4 or 2 or more 5’s
3rd Premium - 29 - 32.5 points (walk and trot must average 5.5 or better)
2nd premium – 33 - 35.5 points (no 5’s or less, min. Average of 6.5 on walk and trots)
1st premium – 36+ points ( average of 7 or more on walk and trot)
Earned Rankings
Star can be given to a studbook mare, a foal book stallion, or Gelding book horse over 3 years old that is a 1st or 2nd premium and meets the height requirement (Heigh Conversion Chart)
Kroon or Crown, is between star and model. Mares who receive a first premium can be invited for a class for crown at the Central Mare inspection. In countries that don’t have a central mare inspection, the horses must either be seen 2 times at the one keuring or have a 1st premium already on their papers to be invited to be Kroon.   They must score at least  77 points in the IBOP (avg 7 or higher on Walk and Trot and Canter) or achieve Sport status to become kroon.  They do not need to have had a foal.  And they must meet the height requirement (Heigh Conversion Chart) . Now (2016) they must also get 7.5 on conformation. If they have not met the IBOP or sport requirement they are given a provisional status. Here is a great article from the KFPS on Kroon status and the fine details about acquiring that title. http://english.kfps.nl/Nieuws.aspx?NewsId=2167         
         Model (M) mares have birthed and nursed a foal, scored above a 77 on the IBOP (avg 7 or higher on Walk and Trot),  and meets the height requirement (Heigh Conversion Chart)  be 7 years old or over, and have been invited by the judges either by being in a class of Kroon mares or being directly invited. If they have not met the IBOP or the foal portion of the requirements they are given provisional status.         
Preferent Mares (Pref or Pref4) is when a Mare produces 4 or more Star or better offspring. When they reach 4 a Preferent title can added to their name (fees apply), and they start listing a superscript number of how many star or better offspring they have produced. Star or better include Ster, Kroon, or Model mare, ster geldings, Foal Book Ster stallions, Studbook stallions,Stallions that made the second viewing of the stallion inspection.


Preferent Approved Stallions For stallions it is much more complex and a committee discusses the following: Preferent status can be granted to Studbook stallions that have shown to have a lasting and exceptionally positive influence on the breed. In evaluating a stallion´s consideration for Preferent status the quality of his offspring will be matched against breeding goal characteristics. This evaluation is based on the assessment of predicates achieved by offspring multiplied by a weighting factor per predicate. For each stallion the resulting total score will be matched against a standard which is based on the number of offspring. Stallions which make the grade will be evaluated during a meeting of the Inspection. In exceptional cases when the Inspection has reason to decline the application for Preferent status, the owner will be notified followed by notification thereof to all members in the ‘Phryso’, along with a thorough motivation as well as full transparency. In all other cases the Inspection advises the Board to award the Preferent status. The weighting factors are as follows: Star 1, Crown 5, Model 10, Sport 15, Preferent 15, Performance 20, Studbook stallion 25, Studbook stallion approved on offspring 50, dam of approved stallion 20. The standard is a minimum starting at 700 points. Points in excess of this standard are conditional to the stallion´s number of offspring five years previous to date. A stallion has to comply to a standard of at least 150 points in excess of the total average score that said stallion is supposed to have, based on his number of offspring.
 
 2x Preferent or Pref8* now shown on papers as (Pref8) is a very rare accomplishment for a mare to get 8 or more star or better offspring.

 3x Preferent or Pref12* As of 1/2016 there has only been 1 mare to get Triple Preferent (Pref12), 12 or more star + offspring and that was Setske F., Dam of Beart 411 Peferent Sport.

Crown Jewel very rare and awarded by the KFPS, 8 star or better offspring as of 12/2016 there are 2 mares with this accomplishment (More with 8*Pref). Elbricht was awarded Crown Jewel by the KFPS she was a Stamboek Model Preferent (8) Prestatiemoeder (on KFPS none of the offspring were listed as sport?) Setske F. (Dam of Beart 411) was awarded Crown Jewel she is Preferent (13) and Prestatiemoeder with  4 Sport offspring

Sport is based on success in dressage or driving. The Sport predicate can be awarded to mares, geldings, and stallions that achieve good results in competitive sport. The Sport predicate can only be obtained based on results achieved at shows registered with the "Koninklijke Nederlands Hippische Sportfederatie"/Royal Dutch Equestrian Sport Federation (KNHS). The scores registered with KNHS determine qualification for the Sport predicate. The minimum requirements for awarding of the Sport predicate are:
1. dressage: Z1 +5.
2. show driving: cat. I & II honor class/ereklasse and cat. III open class/open klasse in one season six placements as prize winner in the "green season" (April 15 until October 1).
3. driving (dressage): Z +10.
4. driving (combined): class 3 +10. It has to be announced ahead of time to both KFPS and KNHS with which Friesian horse(s) one will participate. The horse has to have obtained at least 10 gain points in class 3 at the time the horse is entered with KFPS and KNHS to this end.

The above-mentioned requirements apply to sport performances achieved in The Netherlands. For sport results achieved abroad comparable requirements will be applicable, to be evaluated the KFPS Inspection Currently in the USA the requirements are Z1 test or 3rd Level Test 1, 5 scores over 60 from 3 different  judges. In Australia I believe this is the comparable tests ‎5 x medium tests of 4B or 4C with greater than 60 % score and judged by 3 different judges.

Elite Sport Status - The Elite-Sport predicate will be introduced for horses with a minimum of five winning points at Prix St. Georges level in dressage or horses that have earned the Sport predicate in the three disciplines dressage, driving and show driving (new at the end of 2016, more rules coming soon)

Prestatiemoeder

– Performance-dam (Prestm) is when a mare has 3 or more offspring that achieve the sport status. in 2016 they just amended this to include 3 offspring with 75 or higher on the IBOP/ABFP. In the past back when Fabiolaa (Ulke's dam) was awarded Prestatiemoeder they would also include high scoring performance horses in other competitions like dressage and driving. Fabiolaa had Ulke with Sport and her other offspring were very accomplished in the show ring. "Earlier when the sport tittle didn’t exist the horses who has the M2 level with 2 winning points or has many points in the showdring where counted for the Prestatiemoeder" (KFPS office)
       
Linear Score Adult Friesians entering the Studbook are evaluated using a linear score sheet. This lists various aspects of conformation, breed characteristics and movement, with horses being scored on each point based on their positive or negative deviation from the average breed standard. The breed standard may not be the middle of the scale. The Shaded sections on the score sheet indicate the ideal numbers that the judges are looking for. The linear score sheet is used to obtain data on a stallions influence on his offspring, as well as to inform the owner on the strong and weak points to their horse. This form is a very helpful tool when evaluating compatibility of a stallion and mare. The linear score sheet is sent to the owner with that horse's new Studbook registration papers after their first adult (3yo or over) Keuring. The reason they are mailed is so that the judges evaluations can be recorded in the main database to help with the stallions calculations. Also so that it is returned to you in a typed official format.

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